Some Thoughts on ‘Soul’

The nature of ‘soul’, even limiting oneself to how that word is used in the New Testament, is an enormous topic to which I could not hope to do justice in many lifetimes. But with your indulgence I have some thoughts for your consideration. First of all, the Greek word for ‘soul’ is PsUChĒ (more…

The Gospel of Mary: The Text

The Gospel of Mary takes place after Jesus’ resurrection. Last week I reviewed our sources: two small fragments in Greek likely from the 3rd century, and a longer version in Coptic likely from the 5th century. Even with these three sources, we’re still missing over half of it. Meanwhile, the two Greek fragments together are…

The Gospel of Mary: Background

In the first few centuries after Jesus, there was an enormous variety of understandings of who He was, and what His life, death, and resurrection meant. On this topic quite a few contenders for the title of ‘sacred book’ were written and circulated, most of which didn’t make it into our official Bible. One of…

Time and Eternity

The ancient Greeks had a vocabulary for Time that may be helpful for understanding various passages in the New Testament. Three words we’ll be considering are ChRONOS (usually translated just ‘time’), KAIROS (usually translated ‘opportune time’), and AIŌN (usually translated ‘eternity’ or ‘age’). First we’ll consider ChRONOS and KAIROS, then AIŌN. ChRONOS is the passage…

“All Scripture is God-Breathed”

Every scripture [is] God-breathed and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for improvement, for instruction in justice, in order that the person of God be capable, equipped for every good work. (2 Tim 3:16-17) This is one of the primary verses supporting the unique status of the Christian Bible. There is an aspect to this verse,…

“I Will Never Leave You”

In English, double negatives theoretically cancel each other out — or, more accurately they’re considered bad grammar. Not so in Greek — they use double negatives for emphasis: Truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, one dot-of-an-I or cross-of-a-T will not not pass away from the law until all be fulfilled….

Imagining The Eternal Risen Christ

In my reading travels I’ve come across two quotes which articulate an extraordinarily expansive imagining of The Eternal Risen Christ. (They’re not quick reads! I found them worth several careful readings.) + + + “[F]or the Gospel is not merely the narration of what has been; it is the sublime narration of what is and…

“Our Daily Bread”

Translations of Scripture are marvels of scholarship, and the standard translations are as accurate as translations can be. But of course much is still ‘lost in the translation’. All translations of anything have this problem. To me a translation is like a black and white photo, where the original is ‘living color’. One of the…

Welcoming the Stranger

Two particularly prominent issues today are racism and genderism. And they vitally need to be addressed. As I consider these issues, it seems to me these are part of a larger Problem. Namely — rejection and oppression of those who are different from us — whether that be skin color, gender attitudes, religion, political views,…

“God Thus Loved the World…”

This week I thought we might consider one of the more famous verses in the Bible, namely John 3:16: “For God thus AGAPĒ-loved the KOSMOS, that He gave his only-begotten son…” AGAPĒ is probably the most famous Greek word in the New Testament, and rightly so. Now, Greek lexicons (dictionaries of dead languages) are great,…